Web Development

The Basics introduction of Web Development

Hey! Thinking about Web Design and Web Development, So, you can now go with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and others for designing a website. First of all, I want to acknowledge you so much for embarking on this journey with me. I’m delighted that you are here.

First, we have to clear what is the fundamental difference between Web Design and Web Development, here we go:

web development

What is Web Design?

Web Design refers to the design of a page or website which display on the internet. Web designers work to make the website user-friendly also attractive. They are using various design programs such as Adobe Photoshop for layout and other visual elements of the website. It is a front-line interface. Web designers use several fundamental design principles to achieve an aesthetically pleasing form, which also offers an excellent user experience.

Web Development:

In Web Development, Web Developers are taking a website design and actually making a functioning website from it. They use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, and other programming languages to bring to life the design files. A Web Developer takes that design and breaks it up into multiple components. They either use just HTML or a more dynamic approach incorporating programming languages such as PHP to develop the various different website pages. Web developers are converting a static design into a powerful website by using the image and content sliders, moving states for links and buttons, and many other interactive elements.

Let’s get started now when we think about the website; two things come in our mind. One is the front end and the second one is the back end. These two terms are an essential part of web development, but also they work differently from each other. They have their own work functionality. We can say that they are very much like two sides of the same coin.

What are Frontend and backend?

Now the question came to light, “What are Front-end and backend?”They are the two most crucial parts of software engineering that play a very important role in web development. The front-end side of a website is what you are seeing and interact with, and the backend part is how all of that works. Simply we can say that Front-end refers to the ‘client-side.’ In contrast, the backend refers to the ‘server-side’ of the application. The front end may refer to the graphical user interface(UI). The backend is that part of the website with which users cannot see or interact with it.


The front end is the section of the website that a user can see and interact with directly. It requires everything that a user can see, touch, and experience. A front-end developer’s role is to create a user-friendly environment. Where a user can see and touch with the help of several tools like HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc.

The backend is also referred to as the “server-side” It is the part of the website which we cannot see and interact with. Basically, everything that happens behind the front end is handled by the backend side of web development. It is all about the performance of the site. This part of the system doesn’t come in direct contact with the users.

The backend developers primarily work on communication between the presentation layer and the business layer. In short, we can say that backend web development is the combination of development and maintenance of the core functional logic of a software application. We can say that the backend developer’s job is to write code to make sure everything works fine at the front end. The backend part of a site. It is the brain of a website.

This text-based content is intended for people who learn fast through a combination of reading and images — it’s possible to know the basics of the front-end (HTML, CSS, and JavaScript).

Short note on HTML:

The HTML is referred to as Hypertext Markup Language. It is not a programming language, whereas it is a markup language that is used for structuring the content for presentation over the web. As we know, it is not a programming language; therefore, it can’t perform mathematical logic or other features that are common in different programming languages like C, C++, JAVA, etc. HTML is elementary to learn; anyone can know this.

HTML is one of the leading technologies used on the World Wide Web, and it’s a necessary tool to know as a web developer. You’ll have to learn HTML and CSS if you want to build anything on the web and do any creative things. The HTML code is sent to the web browser, which can understand it and render a web page accordingly.

Short note on CSS:

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. Another vital technology in web development is CSS, which uses in combination with HTML to style the resulting webpage. This is not a programming language; it’s a styling language that is mainly focused on how the page is looking. CSS can arrange the layout of various web pages all at once.

We can add CSS to the HTML code in three different ways to magnify the look of a web page or website.

They are:-

  • Inline – Here, we can add the style attribute in HTML elements
  • Internal – In internal CSS we can add a <style> element in the <head> section
  • External – by using an external CSS file

Short note on JavaScript:

JavaScript is a light weighted programming language, and it is also mentioned as a scripting language. It is the programming language for user behavior and interactivity. What happens when a mouse over a menu, what happens when a user types the wrong value in a field of the page, and how long does a photo slideshow take to move from one image to another?

Javascript works inside the application, and the web browser. It supports all browsers Whether it’s IE or Safari or Firefox or Chrome or Opera, they all have a JavaScript engine. The operating system runs the web browser, which contains a page, and the page contains JavaScript

JavaScript is intended to manipulate web pages, and it does that very well. Now, as we know, when a user opens their browser and requests a page from the website. They just send HTML and CSS as plain text to the browser, and the browser takes care of interpreting and rendering it. JavaScript works the same on all devices and browsers, whether it’s mobile or a laptop, or a desktop. It is a client-side language. In the front end, the use of JavaScript is just sent the code to the client, and we let them run it.

Now, it’s a turn of the backend parts ( jQueryPHP, and MySQL):

Short note on jQuery:

jQuery is an open-source JavaScript library. That clarifies the interactions between an HTML/CSS document, or more precisely, the Document Object Model (DOM) and JavaScript. jQuery simplifies the followings:

HTML document traversing and using event handling, DOM animations, Ajax, and cross-browser JavaScript development.

Short note on PHP:

PHP is a server-side scripting language. It uses to develop Static websites Dynamic websites or Web applications. PHP stands for Hypertext Pre-processor. That earlier stood for Personal Home Pages, and scripts can only be interpreted on a server that has PHP installed. PHP something like client-side JavaScript is that the code is executed on the server after that generating HTML is then sent to the client.

Short note on MySQL:

The Oracles MySQL is a prevalent and popular database management system for small- to medium-sized web projects. Only the exclusive Oracle database and the small embeddable SQLite are more widely deployed. The application uses for a wide range of purposes, including data warehousing, e-commerce, and logging applications. Commonly, it uses for MySQL. However, it is for a web database.

Above all the mentioned in this article, we have discussed the basics of web development, its parts use, etc. After this, we will be going to start the HTML tutorial in this web development tutorial series. I hope this information is quite useful for you.

The Web Development Series is started from here. So, please stay with us. 

Thank You🙂

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